The Parker Brothers Ranch of DeSoto County

From left to right: Hooker, Austin, Smylie, and Accom Parker.

Captain John Parker was a Seminole War veteran and former sheriff of Hillsborough County. He was the first settler east of Arcadia (before the town existed) in 1858.

Visualizing the scope of the Parker Brother’s 125 square mile ranch in DeSoto County. It represented about 25% of the county.

He became a cattle baron and established a ranch spanning 125 square miles. It straddled both sides of what is now Highway 70 to the Highlands County border. The Parkers also had land holdings in what is now Highlands and Okeechobee counties.

Captain Parker had five sons with his wife and additional children born to his former slaves. In those rough and tumble days, bushwhacking, mob-like assassinations, cattle rustling, shootouts, and other forms of vigilante justice were common. John got on someone’s bad side, and his liquor was poisoned at a revival.

The brothers modernized the ranch with its own private airport. With the vast territory and roaming cattle, it was necessary to survey the whole place.

His vast land holdings were left to his sons: Zeb, Hooker, Austin, Smylie, and Accom. They carried on his tradition and lived a successful but wild cowboy life. They also executed their share of pioneer justice and assassinations, but despite that, they were well-respected citizens of DeSoto County their entire lives.

They once sold off all of their cattle (35,000 head) in 1916. They were upset about how the business was changing from free range to fence laws. They thought it would never be the same. Eventually, they started again with cattle and livestock but also diversified their business.

Zeke Browning, Jim Knight, and B. F. Welles

Another family tightly coupled with the Ranch was the Browning family. They lived and worked on Parker Brothers’ ranch, with Zeke Browning being one of the ranch managers for years.

One of four main pastures of 18,000 acres each in 1963. Visible are the cattle, windmill, and water troughs.

The Parker Brothers and Brownings helped found the Arcadia Rodeo in 1928. Buddy Browning was a prominent rodeo competitor on the local circuit. The Parker Brothers married three Browning sisters, who lived on the ranch their virtually entire lives.

Zeb Parker, president of Parker Brothers, Incorporated

Once the ranch was incorporated in the teens, Zeb was the main businessman and president. He died in 1934. After the last of the brothers died, the ranch was sold in 1963 to oil magnate Calvin Houghland of Nashville, TN.

Isabel Browning Parker in 1963 at the ranch house with the 200 acres she held on to after the sale.

Isabel Browning Parker (who married into the Hooker family) said she had ridden every inch of the place working and hunting. She lamented when the ranch was sold. Houghland renamed Parker Brothers Ranch to Bright Hour Ranch, which is still referred to today.

Houghland cared for the land and preserved its operation and natural resources. He died in 2009 at the age of 93. Before his death, he saw that 28,000 acres (of the original 43,000) were set aside forever as a conservation easement, including the sensitive Tiger Bay Slough.

A lot more can be said about the Parkers, so maybe I’ll compile some more stories to share another day!

2 responses to “The Parker Brothers Ranch of DeSoto County”

  1. I’m Zeb Parker’s granddaughter. I’m confused because my great grandfather was Jasper Newton Parker. He and Rhoda Crum had five sons and three daughters, one who took over the care of my mother and aunt when their father, Zeb died. They were his daughters by Vivian Lee Parker.
    John Parker was Jasper’s father I believe.
    Interesting story!
    Thank you.

  2. Great reading , my 2nd great grandmother was Louisa Sophia Parker , very interesting reading about the Parker family, thank you

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